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The Arms granted to Mark Kane took into consideration the Arms confirmed by Ulster King of Arms to Richard Alexander Kane, Esq. in 1909, as shown above. Those Arms of Richard Alexander Kane, Esq. containing a blue celeste catamount and the distinctive facing off of two animals on a shield of Argent and Blue celeste. Those arms, in turn, appear to have taken a number of elements of the ancient Ó'Catháin arms into consideration, as shown below.
The Seal of Mark Kane
The Banner of Mark Kane
The Arms of Mark Edward Joseph Kane and his descendants each observing their due and proper differences according to the Laws of Arms and the practice of the Office of the Chief Herald of Ireland.
Origins and history of heraldry and the Office of the Chief Herald of Ireland
Heraldry developed in the 12th century and it was the evolution of military equipment that led to the development of coats of arms. Prior to this time, a soldier’s helmet included a nasal guard, a small piece of metal covering the nose and for more complete protection, the soldier also wore a hood of chain mail that covered the lower part of the face and neck, this allowed fellow combatants identify the soldier as friend or foe. It was the development of the full helmet (or pot helm) that led to the adoption of coats of arms. This happened gradually: first, the back of the helmet was lengthened to cover the nape of the neck, and the nasal guard was expanded to cover the cheeks as well. Then, the helmet became cylindrical by the attachment of metal plates that covered the ears and the forehead. Eventually, the helmet did not have any openings except for the eyes and several ventilation holes.This new type of military outfit protected the soldier during battle and made his face totally unrecognisable. Consequently, a soldier, began to decorate his shield with simple figures, colours, shapes, animals or floral symbols, so that soldiers on his side could recognise him in the confusion of battle.
In this way, the use of coats of arms spread with the transformation of warfare in medieval Europe. A feudal lord could mobilise soldiers and undertake a military campaign against another lord in the same country. Unlike ancient conflicts, feudal wars took place between the same peoples wearing the same type of armour. Soldiers thus adopted distinctive visual signs to quickly identify who was on their side. Also, the lord, to be conspicuous, bore his own coat of arms not only on his shield, but also on the surcoat covering his armour, on his banner, and on the trappings of his horse. By the 12th century, personal badges were widely used by the nobility, and a century later, arms could be inherited. This meant that they had to be officially recorded and their display controlled. Specialists, known as officers at arms or heralds, were employed to record these coats of arms in rolls of arms (armorials). As arms became more elaborate, the language of their descriptions (blazons) acquired its own rules, vocabulary and syntax.
The beauty and pageantry of heraldic designs allowed them to survive the gradual abandonment of armour on the battlefield during the seventeenth century. In modern times, heraldry is used by individuals, public and private organisations, corporations, cities, towns, and regions to symbolise their heritage, achievements and aspirations.
In an Irish context: the post of Ulster King of Arms, Herald of all Ireland, was created by Edward VI in 1552, although the earliest reference to a herald of arms for Ireland dates from 1382. In addition to granting and confirming arms, the Office of Arms was also responsible for administering protocol and precedence at Irish Court and worked closely with the Viceroy. The post of Ulster King of Arms continued until the death of its last incumbent, Sir Neville Wilkinson in 1941. In 1943 the Office of Arms was transferred to the Government of Ireland and renamed the Genealogical Office with an office of Chief Herald of Ireland being created to carry on the work of Ulster King of Arms. Since then, the office has operated as part of the National Library and under the direction of the Chief Herald. The Chief Herald since 3rd May 2005 exercises lawful heraldic authority in Ireland pursuant to Section 13 of the National Cultural Institutions Act 1997. The Chief Herald is responsible for the granting and confirming of arms to individuals and corporate bodies in Ireland. All arms granted are recorded in the Register of Arms, which was established in 1552 by Ulster King of Arms and is now maintained and added to by the Chief Herald of Ireland.
Acknowledgement Note: Information above, in part, taken from Office of the Chief Herald, National Library of Ireland. More Information can be found at: Office of the Chief Herald of Ireland's Website
The Arms of Mark Kane
Mark Kane is the Chief-of-Arms for the heraldic arms shown right and below issued by the Irish State pursuant to the exercise of function by the Chief Herald of Ireland under Section 13 of the National Cultural Institutions Act 1997.
Arms and elements thereof:
Escutcheon : Per fess embattled Argent and Blue celeste two catamounts combatant counterchanged
Crest : A demi-catamount regardant Proper bearing in the dexter paw a balance Or
Helmet & Wreath : the Crest on a wreath of the colours of Argent and Blue celeste upon a helmet mantled Gules doubled Argent
Motto : Consilio et Prudentia
Wording of Grant of Arms to Mark Kane:
TO ALL TO WHOM THESE PRESENTS SHALL COME, I, Colette O’Flaherty, Chief Herald of Ireland, send GREETING.
Whereas petition hath been made unto me by Mark Edward Joseph Kane, Peace Commissioner, of the City of Dublin who is now resident in Corofin, Cummer-Tuam in the County of Galway the son of Captain Joseph Gerard Kane of the same place, the grandson of William Joseph Kane also of the said City, great grandson of John Kane as well of the said City of Dublin, setting forth that he is desirous that certain Armorial Ensigns may be duly marshalled and assigned by lawful authority unto him such as without injury or prejudice to any other he may forever bear and advance and praying that I would grant and assign unto him and to his descendants such Armorial Ensigns as aforesaid and that the Armorial Ensigns so granted and assigned may be ratified and recorded in the Office of the Chief Herald of Ireland to the end that the Officers of Arms there and all others upon occasion may take full notice and have knowledge thereof.
Now, I, the said Chief Herald of Ireland, having taken the said petition into consideration, am pleased to comply with the said petition and do by the powers vested in me in that behalf by these Presents grant and assign unto the said Mark Edward Joseph Kane and unto his descendants the Arms following, that is to say : Per fess embattled Argent and Blue celeste two catamounts combatant counterchanged and on a wreath of the colours the Crest : A demi-catamount regardant Proper bearing in the dexter paw a balance Or upon a helmet mantled Gules doubled Argent the whole depicted in the margin hereof and with the Motto : Consilio et Prudentia.
To have and to hold the said Arms unto the said Mark Edward Joseph Kane and to his descendants forever and the same to bear, use, shew, set forth and advance on shield or banner or otherwise, each observing their due and proper differences according to the Laws of Arms and the practice of this Office, and without the let, hindrance, molestation, interruption, controlment or challenge of any manner of person or persons whatsoever, excepting always the Authority of this Office.
In Witness whereof I have hereunto subscribed my Name and Title and affixed the Seal of my Office this 14th day of February, 2017.
CHIEF HERALD OF IRELAND
CHUIG GACH AON A SHROICHFIDH an scríbhinn seo, cuirim, Colette O’Flaherty, Príomh-Aralt na hĒireann, BEANNACHT.
De bhrí go ndearna Mark Edward Joseph Kane, Feidhmeannach Síochána Chathair Bhaile Ātha Cliath, a bhfuil cónai air anois I gCora Finne, Comer-Tuaim, I gContae na Gaillimhe, mac leis an gCaptean Joseph Gerard Kane as an áit chéanna, mac mic le William Joseph Kane as an chathair chéanna chomh maith, iarua mic le John Kane as Chathair Bhaile Ātha Cliath réamhráite, iarratas ormsa á rá gur mhian leis go ndéanfar Síne Armais áirithe a theachtadh agus a shannadh go cuí dó le húdarás dleathach I gcaoi is go bhféadfaidh sé na Síne Armais sin a hiompar agus a fhoilsiú go deo gan dochar ná díobháil d’aon duine eile augus á impí go ndeonóinn agus go sannfainn dó agus dá shliocht na Síne Armais sin mar á dúradh agus go ndéanfar na Síne Armais deonaithe agus sannaithe sin a dhaingniú agus a chur ar breacadh in Oifig Phríomh-Aralt na hĒireann chun go dtabharfaidh na hOifigigh Armas ansin agus gach aon eile mar is gá dá n-uídh go hiomlán iad agus go mbeidh eolas acuorthu.
Anois, tar éis breithniú a dhéanamh ar an iarratas sin tá mé, Príomh-Aralt na hĒireann thuasluaite, sásta géilleadh don iarratas sin agus de thairbhe an údaráis atá dílsithe domsa chuige, leis an Scríbhinn seo, deonaím agus sannaim do Mark Edward Joseph Kane réamhluaite agus dá shliocht, an tArmas seo leanas eadhon: Ar dul bailc táibhleach Airgead agus Gorm neamhaí dhá fhia-chat comhraiceach lí-aistrithe agus ar fhleasc de na dathanna an Círín: Leath fhia-chat aisbhreathnaitheach ina dhathanna nádúrtha féin ag iompair ina lapa deis meá Orga ar chlogad an brat Dearg líneáilte Airgidí an t-iomlán sin léirithe go soiléir ar an imeall seo leis an Rosc: Consilio et Prudentia.
Go sealbhóidh agus go dteachtfaidh Mark Edward Joseph Kane réamhluaite agus a shliocht an tArmas sin go deo agus é á iompar, á úsáid, á thaispeáint, á lua agus á fhoilsiú ar sciath nó ar mheirge no eile agus cách ag comhlíonadh a dheachra díre dílse de réir Dlithe an Armais agus nós na hOifige seo, gan cosc, gan bac, gan cur isteach, gan coiscriú, gan smacht gan caidéis ó dhuine ná ó dhaoine ar bith deachas I gcónaí Ūdarás na hOifige seo
Dá fhianaise sin scríobh mé m’Ainm agus mo Theideal leis agus ghreamaigh mé Séala m’Oifige ar an 14 lá de mhí Feabhra 2017
Príomh-Aralt na hĒireann
Iml. Aa, leath 83.